A senior delegation from The Department of Arts Heritage & Gaeltacht (DAHG) The Heritage Council of Ireland and Fáilte Ireland visited Youghal on Friday 16th November 2012 as part of the roll-out of the Historic Towns Initiative. Youghal has been chosen along with other historic towns; Listowel and Westport to advance a pilot programme which will see Heritage Towns develop while maximizing their tourism potential.
Hosted by Youghal Town Council, the delegation undertook a walking tour in the morning of the historic core of the town, before meeting with senior officials from Cork County Council to discuss the draft framework document. This framework would see the roll-out of the project over 2013 and beyond which is seen as being essential to sustainable development and to encouraging cultural tourism in historic towns like Youghal.
Speaking at the afternoon session in the Mall Arts Centre, Youghal to a group of assembled community representatives about the project, Martin Colreavy, Principal Advisor, Built Heritage and Architectural Policy (DAHG) spoke in detail about what the project would mean for Youghal and the other two towns in the pilot scheme. “This project ;which is being driven by our Minister, Jimmy Deenihan TD (DAHG) will see a renewal of the existing heritage towns designation, from a tourism approach to towns based on a heritage-led regeneration approach”. Stressing that the success of the initiative would be dependent on Town Councils taking the central leadership role and committing its own resources to the project, Mr. Colreavy complimented Youghal Town Council on its visionary role in heritage-led regeneration to date. “Youghal Town Council is already extremely well advanced in this process, producing its own ‘Heritage-Led Regeneration Strategy’ back in 2005 when the idea was only being advanced in Europe. I know the Minister is determined that this initiative delivers on the ground for each of the pilot towns initially and becomes a true driver of economic growth going forward rather than just being another ‘plan’. Said the Government official.
The delegation and Community Representatives went on to hear from Town Clerk, Liam Ryan and Aileen Murray of The Youghal Socio-Economic Development Group who explained the major issues facing Youghal and set out the current set of structures, plans and strategies which are in place in the town.
The initiative will examine a number of areas in the process including: spatial planning, fiscal incentive – and the creation of specific incentives for heritage towns, funding; looking at alternative mechanisms for financial leverage and construction employment.
The timeline for the execution of the project will see the presentation by the delegation/steering group to the Minister in December of the finalized Historic Towns Initiative toolkit/pack and then to the three pilot towns for initiation over 2013. In early 2013, subject to Ministerial/Departmental agreement on the final details of the scheme, a formal announcement of the Historic Towns Initiative Pilot/Initiation will be made.
David Stanton, Fine Gael TD for Cork East has welcomed the approval of €158,741.03 for the refurbishment of the Clock Gate Tower in Youghal. The funding, sanctioned by the Minister for the Environment, Community and Local Government, will go directly from South and East Coast Area Development (SECAD) to Youghal Socio-Economic Development Group who will oversee the works.
“I am pleased that Minister Hogan has given sanction to SECAD to allocate almost €159,000 for the renovation and conservation of Youghal Clock Gate Tower. I understand that this funding will become available as soon as it has received formal approval from the board of SECAD”, said Deputy Stanton.
The funding is being provided under the Village Renewal and Development measure of the European Union’s Rural Development Programme 2007-2013.
“This funding will cover phase 1 of the refurbishment of the Clock Gate Tower which is Youghal’s iconic historic monument in the centre of the town. The Tower currently stands vacant and this is a huge loss to Youghal town and its tourism product. Phase 1 of the planned works will ensure the building can be restored to its original character and phase 2 will involve improvements to the inside ensuring can be reopened to the public and preserved for future generations.
Deputy Stanton had been working very closely with Mayor of Cork County, Cllr Barbara Murray to ensure the project received funding. Cllr Barbara Murray, a member of both Cork County and Youghal Town Council and Youghal Socio-Economic Group has also welcomed the funding allocation.
“Members of Youghal Socio-Economic Group worked very hard on this funding application and I know I can speak for all of them when I say that this project will be a huge asset to Youghal. Youghal Town Council have already committed €50,000 to the project and I have been assured by Cork County Manager that Cork County Council will also fund the project”, said Cllr Murray.
It is envisaged that the Youghal Clock Gate Tower will be open in 2014.
THE CORK TOWN OF YOUGHAL is a top stop for American retirees – affordable housing and picturesque surrounding make it the new Florida. Youghal, a beach town located on the border between Co Cork and Co Waterford, is one of the five regions in Europe where Americans should consider spending their retirement.
The US News & World Report states “In the current climate of crisis, economies, markets, and values are down as they have not been in decades in some of Europe’s most appealing to spend time and retire.”
They list five European regions where Americans could own their retirement home for less than $100,000.
Kathleen Peddicord lists Youghal, Co Cork as Euro Bargain #3 following Abruzzo, Italy and Estagel, France. The description says, “On the strand of this picturesque seaside town, you can buy a modern one bedroom, 2000 square foot apartment for [about $64,000] that would put you within walking distance of the beach.” Not bad for retirement in the Emerald Isle. Youghal comes before Cadiz, Spain and Lagos, Portugal. Peddicord is also the author of ‘How to Retire Overseas- Everything You Need to Know To Live Well Abroad for Less” which was recently published by Penguin Books.
Cork isn’t the only place in American retirees’ sight. Co Clare is favored by AARP Magazine. The US publication with a 47 million readership ranks Co Clare as number 6 in the top fifteen favored destinations worldwide. Ireland came out above Thailand, Greece, Portugal, and Mexico.
Unlike the other top European retirement havens, you won’t have to pack sunblock if you retire to Ireland. Youghal, which is located in the Irish Riviera, gets fewer than 70 days of sunshine. Clare gets even less sunshine than Cork. They’re far behind Cadiz, Spain and Abruzzo, Italy which get 300 and 260 days respectively. Also, Ireland is the only European retirement haven that speaks English in Peddicord’s top five Euro Bargains.
It looks like some of the American tourists may really never leave.
Last Thursday, 21st June 2012, the ‘Youghal 4 All Meet & Greet’ group were on hand to give a personalised tour to a group of American pilgrimage tourist from the Diocese of Reno, USA. The tourist were traveling around Ireland and visited Youghal on the final leg of their tour of Ireland. Fr Oliver Curran and Fr Donal Hussey who minister in Northern Nevada, were greeted by Norman MacDonald from the Youghal 4 All group and tour guides at the town walls car park. They picked the town of Youghal because Fr Donal Hussey was born here and ordained at St. Mary’s Parish Church back in 1985.
The group were shown the old town walls and college gardens and then walked to the historic St Mary’s Collegiate Church. A guided tour of the Church was given by John Riordan, who explained the history of the building as well as famous people buried there and also recalled famous people associated with the the Church like Oliver Cromwell, Sir Walter Raleigh and Richard Boyle. The group were treated to an impromptu demonstration by John of the Australian wind instrument the didgeridoo to explain the unique acoustics embedded in the nave of the church.
Fr Donal said it was unbelievable to back home with his parishioners and looking forward to meeting old friends. He said ” So many people back in the parish want to be Irish. There are so many Irish Americans in the parish that wanted to visit this country. It was suggested that a pilgrimage tour be organised and we decided to do it this year. Because we know all the parishioners personally, a lot of them would never come to Ireland alone, but were delighted to part of the pilgrimage tour. It took a lot of organising for the group of 38. Irish Americans are just enthralled by everything they have seen so far, Dublin, Galway, Killarney, the Blarney stone all the tourist stuff. Because America is such a relatively young country the group are facinated about Ireland. But the highlight was to visit Youghal in particular.”
“We saw an article on www.youghalonline.com about the ‘Youghal 4 All Meet & Greet’ and thought what a wonderful idea to meet and greet the tourists off the buses. We made contact with Norman MacDonald from the Youghal 4 All group and he couldn’t have been more helpful. He organised the tour guides and showed us the wonderful town walls and churches.”
Fr Oliver said the group were excited to be visiting Youghal and also his home town in Carlow. He said ” In our parish in Northern Nevada, Lake Tahoe, its alpine country and around 7,000 feet high, with around 400 families in the parish. It took about a year to plan the visit. “Youghal is a very beautiful town and we are looking forward to visiting the historic buildings and saying Mass in St. Mary’s Church”.
One of the tourists said “Back home the beauty is the geography but here to see such old buildings and the history its so nice, we would love to live here but heard the “taxes here are pretty high”
The pilgrim tourists said Mass in St. Mary’s Parish Church and great thanks to Canon Tom Browne PP and sacristan Liam Ryan in facilitating this. Following Mass the group happily joined in with locals to sing the American patriotic song “God Bless America” outside on the church steps. The tourist then went for a meal at Aherne’s Seafood Restaurant followed by an Irish music night in The Nook Bar with entertainment provided by local musician Mick Mangan which went down a treat with all.
Norman MacDonald said ” This is fantastic for the town. Its great to see the tourists lapping up the history and beauty of our town. These tourists will go back to the USA and talk about their visit here. This is free advertising, thats not costing millions of pounds. We have great people here like Kieran Greoger, Ann Power, John Riordan to mention just a few of the guides who do wonderful work. If we don’t make the effort to meet and greet the people, they won’t know and understand the wonderful history that we have here beneath our feet.”
Wonderful Heritage Brochure Reveals Youghal’s Fascinating Past
- By Christy Parker
A NEW SOUVENIR BOOKLET tracing Youghal’s rich heritage is set to inform and delight visitors to the town. For that matter it makes a wonderful reading inducement for locals as well, it being a fair bet that most of us traverse our local streets as oblivious to the historical significance of our surroundings as a bookie to a begging bowl.
Youghal Heritage Trail was researched and written by historian, retired headmaster, marathon cyclist and all round knowledgeable bloke, Kieran Groeger. “The idea for the book arose when representatives from the Youghal 4 All group and the Chamber of Commerce and Tourism tour guide training, particularly with a view to greeting coach tours, some months ago,” Kieran explains. “The Chamber asked me to prepare some scripts and over time it evolved into booklet material that is, I hope, a helpful accompaniment and souvenir for tourists taking the town’s Heritage Walk.” The budget behind the six-week enterprise, he adds, was “precisely nothing but time and effort.”
The work comprises 28 pages of intriguing facts, legends and anecdotes detailing centuries of deaths, births, marriages, skulduggery, revolt, conspiracies, achievements, tragedies, disasters, treachery, more marriages, slaughter, farce, greed, ambition, failure, yet more murders, unbelievable cruelty, revenge, religion, hope and survival with a cast ranging from nobility to poor, famous to infamous, stranger to invader, traitor to local; our ancestors basically. Youghal, the reader may surmise having read it, has quietened down a lot.
Delivered throughout in a chatty, informal, colloquial style, the wonderfully illustrated booklet leads us from the Market Square (Page 3) through the town and back to the Mall Arts Centre/Town Hall (Page 28) En route we encounter such notable (or notorious) company as Youghal ‘witch’ Florence Newton, Suffragette Anna Haslam, Fr. Peter O’Neill, Walter Raleigh, Cromwell, the Red House ghost, the Quakers, Danny ‘Dúis’ McCarthy, the Boyle family and Shakespeare. Oh, and Pat Lynch of –and because of- Fox’s Lane Museum. They pages pause to consider landmarks like the old Courthouse, St. Mary’s Collegiate Chapel, the Priory, Myrtle Grove, the Town Walls, the Alms Houses and St. Mary’s Catholic Church. The reader further encounters Youghal Lace, the civil war, duels, floggings, hangings and soup kitchens. There are small advertisements too, from times and places long past, to remind us how Youghal once echoed to the quaint and curious.
Within the generalisations lie gems of beguilement such as these:
• The Courthouse was built during the Great Famine (there were other, lesser famines too) as part of Relief Works for people to earn money to buy food.
• Gulliver’s Travels author Dean Swift lived in Youghal occasionally.
• In 1302 local merchant John Don had his wife’s lover Stephen O’Regan captured and castrated. O’Reagan sued for “loss of yearnings,” won the case and was awarded £20.
• Youghal nuns and 60 skilled lace makers worked, -in pre-electricity times- for a combined total of 90,020 hours to make the train Coronation dress train for Queen Mary in 1911. It was considered “the most magnificent example of Irish needlepoint lace ever seen.”
• Floggings took place at the Clock Gate. A whip usually comprised nine pieces of leather with little knots. Following the 1798 rebellion particularly, hundreds, or even thousands, of lashes might be administered, “each pulling a bit of skin off the body.” The screams would echo throughout the town. Women and children were tied to the back of a cart and dragged through the streets and flogged to the beat of a little drummer boy.
• Two friends, Anthony Watters and Hercules Langrishe fought a duel after arguing over a sugar bowl at breakfast. Watters killed Langrishe but they are buried side by side in St. Mary’s Collegiate Church. Duels took place outside town –at the Ferry Point, Rhincrew and Clifden.
• In 1709 a Mr Spratt a renowned troublemaker called Mr Spratt was thrown off the town walls and killed while very drunk. Several people were tried for his murder. Two said they would have liked to have killed him but another said he had followed the deceased’s brother for two miles and “would have murdered him too if he had been able to overtake him.” All were acquitted.
• The Red House ghost is considered a gentle spirit who “leaves people with a sense of well- being and peace.” Occasionally she also allegedly tidies up and lays out people’s clothing for the next day.
• The Alms Houses doors are so small because Richard Boyle, who had them constructed, wanted people to bow in recognition that they were poor.
• Boyle was “repulsive, greedy, unbelievably wealthy” and the father of 16 children, some of whom he didn’t see for years on end. He arranged marriages for his daughters from the age of six and had them shipped off to her prospective in-laws!
• The Quakers meeting house is in Ashe Street near St. Mary’s Catholic Church. One of the Suffragette’s founding members was Youghal-born Quaker Anna Haslam (nee Fisher). Living very nearby was Fr. Keller, a jailed hero who fought the Protestant landlords against unfair rents and won. Keller absolutely loathed suffragettes.
• William Shakespeare “probably” visited Youghal as his theatre company three times travelled from Bristol to perform here. He was also a friend of Walter Raleigh and of the poet Edmund Spencer, who both lived here. A former harbour Master of Youghal was one Thomas “Shakespere” from Bristol.
• In 1921, in Youghal: there were five trains running daily to Cork; a ferry every half hour to Ferrypoint; a butter market every Saturday; a livestock market once a month; two picture palaces; 12 hotels; 15 bakers; Hot Sea and Turkish baths at the Mall; War of Independence raids on houses; an IRA bomb that killed seven and injured 25 unarmed bandsmen from the 2nd Hampshire Regiment as they marched down the New Line towards Claycastle.
• A selection of “Small Ads from Times Past” requests ‘A young Protestant and needle woman of strict honesty, sobriety, good temper and cleanliness’ to mind four children. There is notice given also that Paddy Maher’s “Select” Bar (now the Point) stocked “Only Drinks of the Highest Quality!”
• On this page too, readers/visitors are urged, “Don’t leave without meeting Bill French (Church Street), local guide and historian. Conducted tours to places of historic interest by appointment.” And that, I suppose is what is called coming full circle.
Youghal Heritage Trail –Souvenir Booklet is available from Cree’s and Youghal Tourist Office. Price: €4.
Any comments or queries etc. to the author: Dr. Kieran Groeger, M.Ed.
Deenihan Initiates Revival of Heritage Towns
Youghal Chosen to Pilot New Heritage Towns Initiative
Jimmy Deenihan TD, Minister for Arts, Heritage and the Gaeltacht, hosted a significant forum, (Thursday 26th April 2012) involving a range of groups, to kick-start the development of a new Historic Towns Initiative for Ireland.
The forum was designed to stimulate an active debate and discussion between key stakeholders to outline how a new Historic Towns Initiative could work and to seek agreement on a way forward for a pilot scheme to test the initiative. Addressing the forum were representatives from the Department of Arts, Heritage and the Gaeltacht, the Heritage Council, Fáilte Ireland, the Department of Environment, Community and Local Government and other stakeholders.
The main outcome of this forum has been the agreement to pilot a new Heritage Towns Initiative in three towns this year: Youghal (Cork), Westport (Mayo) and Listowel (Kerry). The Heritage Council and Fáilte Ireland will be the lead implementation partners working with the Department of Arts, Heritage and the Gaeltacht.
The core aim of the Heritage Towns Initiative will be to conserve and protect and find new uses where required for the built heritage of the participating historic towns whilst also maximising the economic value of tourism in each location. The Heritage Towns Initiative will promote heritage-led urban regeneration policies which are increasingly common throughout Europe. A number of international projects have been completed which will provide useful case studies for Ireland in establishing this pilot scheme and which also demonstrate the heritage and economic potential that exists in schemes of this type.
Jimmy Deenihan TD, Minister for Arts, Heritage and the Gaeltacht commented: “Ireland’s historic towns are a significant attraction for visitors to this country who have an interest in culture and heritage. The Programme for Government recognises the importance of promoting cultural tourism, and the conservation and protection of the architectural heritage assets in our historic towns is vitally important in establishing and developing a quality tourism product.”
“The pilot of the Heritage Towns Initiative will aim to preserve existing heritage assets, stimulate heritage-led regeneration and add to the tourism offering of these locations. The needs of the communities that live in participating towns will remain core to the process.”
“Fáilte Ireland and the Heritage Council will now commence working on the introduction of this pilot scheme in these three towns. I look forward to seeing this pilot scheme in place and – pending its successful implementation – rolling out this initiative in more locations across Ireland.”
Related Video: Archaeological Discovery at Church Street, Youghal
Three towns selected for heritage project
Youghal, Westport and Listowel have been chosen to pilot a new heritage project which involves conserving buildings and maximising their tourism potential.
The Historic Towns Initiative for Ireland will be introduced in other locations if these projects are successful.
The plan is being led by the Department of Arts, Heritage and the Gaeltacht, the Heritage Council and Fáilte Ireland.
Work will now begin in the three towns in Cork, Mayo and Kerry to conserve and protect buildings and find new uses for them where necessary.
Minister for Arts, Heritage and the Gaeltacht Jimmy Deenihan hosted a forum yesterday to kick-start the plan.
The forum heard that a number of international heritage-led urban regeneration projects had been completed and would provide useful case studies for Ireland.
Mr Deenihan said Ireland’s historic towns were “a significant attraction” for tourists with an interest in culture and heritage.
“The pilot of the Heritage Towns Initiative will aim to preserve existing heritage assets, stimulate heritage-led regeneration and add to the tourism offering of these locations,” Mr Deenihan said.
“The needs of the communities that live in participating towns will remain core to the process,” he added.
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Murals On The Wall Enhance Car Park – By Christy Parker
MOTORISTS using Catherine Street car park will notice a pleasant improvement to the immediate landscape thanks to a series of artworks by Youthreach being deployed at the facility. The five ‘mini murals’ hanging at the cap park’s rear wall compliment sublimely the site’s newly whitewashed surface and are an eye-catching attraction to those visiting or bypassing the vicinity.
Adopting the theme ‘Youghal Heritage’ each painting presents a site of historic prominence in the town along with a brief summary of its location and significance. The sites chosen are: St. Mary’s Collegiate Church, St. John’s Priory, the Clock Gate, Water Gate (Cromwell’s Arch) and the Town Walls. The river and other surrounding details are also depicted in the works.
Youghal Mayor Eoin Coyne says the paintings “brighten up the car park and are a very attractive addition to Youghal’s tourism profile.” He adds, “They were part of a Youthreach project supported by Youghal Town Council two years ago and were held in storage until the car park was painted cleaned and ready to serve as a display centre.”
Town Clerk Liam Ryan echoes the mayor’s views. “On behalf of the town council I compliment everyone associated with Youthreach on their work and their excellent contribution towards improving the overall landscape of the Catherine Street area,” he says.
Click on image to enlarge:
Funding To The Fore For Youghal Town Council Municipal Heritage Policy Committee -By Christy Parker
GRANT APPLICATIONS totalling €20,000 are being made by Youghal’s Municipal Heritage Policy Committee are outlined in the report on the committee’s March meeting. The areas concerned pertain to the Town Walls, the Clock Gate and a summer ‘pop-up museum’ concurrent with the 2012 Medieval Day celebrations.
The figures were included in Youghal Town Councillor Liam Burke’s furnished report to the March sitting of Youghal Town Council meeting, which contained the following details:
A grant application for €60,000 was made to the Heritage Council to cover repairs to the Montmorenci section (Raheen Road) of the walls and the demolition of a nearby derelict shop.
An application for €110,000 grant aid was made to SECAD in lieu of conservation work on the structure’s exterior. Tenders have been reseived, with work set to commence shortly. On completion, further funding will be sought to fit out the interior, hopefully in 2013, with re-opening anticipated for 2014.
St. Mary’s Collegiate Church:
Rewiring, roof repairs, a new vestry kitchen and other minor works are on-going. It hoped that funds will become available for restoration work on the Boyle Tomb. The Heritage Council has agreed to grant assist a conservation and management plan.
Grant Applications 2012: A successful grant application has been made to Heritage Council in relation to a Youghal Heritage Trail walking audio guide app. The app will be downloaded free on iPhone and Android appliances. Unfortunately an application towards funding a final sign depicting the British helicopter crash of 1950 and an orientation panel, by way of completing the Graveyard Trail, was unsuccessful.
Regeneration work in the form of repaving outside the Market House with limestone slabs is in progress (since completed).
Links with Third Level Institutions:
Following the successful 2010/11link with the architectural department of Waterford Institute of Technology (WIT), a link has now been established with Cork Institute of Technology, whose students will conduct research on Youghal’s independent heritage tourism visitors. The study will seek to discover how such tourists learn of Youghal, with a view to greater targeting of the market.
Summer Pop-up Museum:
Further to the Youghal Medieval Day on August 19th, it is hoped to establish a pop-up museum on the main street throughout the summer. The Dundalk Viking Exhibition has been made available for display in May and June, with a maritime exhibition proposed to follow thereafter. A €3,000 grant has been secured, but another similar amount is needed to bring the project to fruition. This presents Youghal Town Council with an opportunity to make an allocation towards the project from the heritage funding it has already approved in its 2012 budget.
Work is on-going on the Youghal Historical Town Atlas which it is hoped to have completed and published in 2013.
CIT Students to Focus on Youghal’s Heritage Tourism Product
Youghal’s heritage tourism product offering is set to be the subject of intense scrutiny in the coming months as a group of 3rd Year Tourism Students from Cork Institute of Technology (C.I.T) undertake a major research study on the profile of the Youghal’s independent heritage tourism visitors. The study is set to get underway on Wednesday 29th February as the students undertake their first fact-finding mission to the town. The project will be undertaken in association with The Youghal Socio-Economic Development Group and is a further development of the relationship which is being nurtured between the 3rd Level Institution and Youghal.
The purpose of the project is to determine how best to capitalise on and exploit the heritage product (built and natural) in Youghal to the benefit of all tourism providers in the area. In recent years there has been a huge effort in developing and investing in Youghal’s heritage tourism product which has been led by Youghal Town Council in partnership with The Heritage Council of Ireland. The challenge for Youghal now lies in marketing this quality product to this specific targeted market.
Speaking in advance of the commencement of the study, Dr. Aisling Ward of the Tourism and Hospitality Department of CIT commented: “Following the initial exploratory project embarked upon by a group of third year CIT tourism students last year, a new group of students are currently working on the second installment of this project. The emphasis of the project this year relates to the enhancement, promotion and marketing of the heritage product in Youghal. This is a great opportunity for both the students and the town itself,” said Dr. Ward. “The students benefit through getting hands-on experience of a destination marketing project, while Youghal will benefit from the research gathered by the students, their creativity and insightfulness”.
Welcoming the upcoming research undertaking, Aileen Murray of The Youghal Socio-Economic Development Group spoke about the focus of the research. “Over the past number of years Youghal has seen significant investment in its heritage product offering; including in signage, the on-going works to the town walls, the heritage painting scheme and soon to be the re-opening of The Clockgate. These have begun to pay dividends with the securing of a number of escorted tour series like CIE Tours International to Youghal for guided tours. However, we are aware that a significant number of visitors travel to Youghal independently to experience the town’s heritage for themselves and stay longer than many of the escorted tours. These are the higher spending visitor and we want to attract more of this type of visitor to our town. This study will seek to develop the profile of this independent visitor, and understand just how they are finding out about Youghal, and in turn seek to target more of them.” said Aileen. I’m sure that the tourism product providers will welcome the students and assist them as they seek to provide us with this invaluable source of information”.
Research will be conducted through liaising with all accommodation providers in the area, with a particular focus on the visitor characteristics including nationality, length of stay, holiday activities, age, travel party, method of booking etc. The students will present their findings to the Board of Directors of The Youghal Socio-Economic Development Group and will include creative recommendations for the promotion and marketing of Youghal as a heritage tourism destination.
Issued by: The Youghal Socio-Economic Development Group
Contact: Aileen Murray, Tel: 024-81814 or 086-1703128 E: firstname.lastname@example.org
Manager, Youghal Socio-Economic Development Group,
7-10 Enterprise Youghal,
Tel: 00 353 24 81814
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